Sahiwal is a city in the Punjab province of Pakistan. As of 1998, it had a population of 1,843,194 people, 16.27% of which were located in urban areas. Since 2008, Sahiwal District along with Okara District and Pakpattan District has comprised the Sahiwal Division. The city of Sahiwal is the capital of both the district and the division. About 18 miles south-west of Sahiwal is Harappa, an ancient city of the world, oldest urban center of Harappa or Indus civilization in South Asia. About 28 miles (45 km) west of Sahiwal, at Kamalia, is the site of a Malli city captured by Alexander the Great in 325 BC.. This city was a small village on the Karachi-Lahore railway line during 1865 when it was named Montgomery after Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. It was given its current name during 1966 after the Sahi clan of Kharal Rajputs who were the inhabitants of this area. It is the administrative centre of Sahiwal District and Sahiwal Division. It is the biggest city between Lahore and Multan. Sahiwal District is included in the former Multan Division and is between 30-39 north latitude and 73-06 longitude. The city is in the densely populated region between the Sutlej and Ravi rivers. Irrigation in the region is provided by the Bari Doab Canal system.
Sahiwal Division consists of 531 villages in two subdivisions.
1. Tehsil Sahiwal
2. Tehsil Chichawatni
It is situated on the main bypass, 3 kilometers from the main city. Sahiwal Division has an area of 301 km². Sahiwal Division contains sub towns like Qadirabad, Yousafwala, Iqbalnagar, Kassowal, Noorshah, Harappa and Ghaziabad. There are transport connections via Highway Services and Pakistan Railways to all over Pakistan
Agriculture is important to the local economy, particularly the growing of cotton and grain exported all over Pakistan and around the world. As well as its cattle and sheep, the Division is also famous for Water Buffalo milk all over the world.
The climate of Sahiwal Division is extremely hot, reaching 45-50 degrees Celsius max in summers, and cold in winter down to 5-10 degree Celsius. The soil of the division is very fertile. The average rainfall is about 2000 mm.
Sahiwal’s industries include cotton ginning and pressing, tanning, textile (City cloth palace, City Fashion Center), textile spinning, weaving, leather products, garments, pharmaceuticals, flour mills, food processing, oil mills, cold storage, potato, tobacco, vegetable ghee/cooking oil, biscuits, chip board, confectionery, and woollen textile spinning and weaving. The main crops of the Sahiwal district are wheat, cotton, sugarcane, maize and rice. Main fruits are citrus, mangoes and guava. Sahiwal is a green and fertile town with 11,522 acres (46.63 km2) forests.
Sahiwal city is twinned with the town of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, North West England. There is a direction sign in Rochdale’s town centre pointing in Sahiwal’s direction with “Sahiwal 3960 miles” written on it.
Cricket is the most popular sports in Sahiwal. Sahiwal produced many cricketers like Mushtaq Ahmed, Manzoor Elahi, Zahoor Elahi and Saleem Elahi. Football is quite popular too. Sahiwal has produced great soccer players like Zaeem Habib, Faizan Habib and Abdullah Habib.
Farid Town, Nai Abadi, Bilal colony , Fateh Sher Colony, Tariq Bin Ziad (TBZ) Colony, Mohalla Rajpura, Kot Khadim Ali Sah, Barkat Town, Bahir wala adda, Jogi chowk, Lala Zar Colony,135/9.L, 134/9.L etc.
There are various radio and cable networks broadcasting in the city. A lot more development is being done in the field of IT and telecoms. Sahiwal is connected with backbone fiber that connects all the major cities of Pakistan. All Govt. Schools in Sahiwal have the latest PIV Based Computer Lab from the Government of Punjab IT and Computer Labs Project. Asia’s tallest television broadcaster is located in the city.
The District Hospital commonly known as the Civil Hospital is the largest hospital of Sahiwal. It has a nursing school and also offers different laboratory courses. Many doctors of the city have served their House Jobs here. Now a medical school is opened and a new hospital is being built which would provide state of art treatments to sahiwalians. Private clinics of doctors are numerous.
Sahiwal has several educational institutes of quality. But the literacy rate is still low: about 30% overall and 51% in the city of Sahiwal. Some notable schools are Government High School, Govt. High School Urban Area, Comprehensive High School, Government Pilot Higher Secondary School and Junior Model High School. Government Immamia College, Government Postgraduate College (GPGC) and Government College for Men and Women and it has also a biggest institute of technology (Govt. college of Technology) GCT . Medical & Dental College and COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT) are also working. Virtual University has opened a campus in Sahiwal, and offers distance learning programmes. It is situated near the Government College Sahiwal. Baha-u-Deen Zikria University (BZU) sub-campus Sahiwal has been successfully providing several under-graduate and graduate programmes since 2005.The private sector has a major role in the education system.
The Sahiwal Division was historically home to various clans of Arain, Langriyal, Bhatti, Bhutta, Jats, Rajputs, Murdana, Subtric of Rind Balochs, Qureshi, and Khagga’Pathans.
The Sahiwal Division Jail is one of the ancient jails in Punjab. It is the largest jail in Pakistan with reference to the area and agricultural land adjacent to it. A new high security jail is under construction next to the central jail.
The following prison industries are functioning in the jail to train the convicted prisoners in various trades and handicrafts so that they could earn their living after release form Jail, utilise prison labour in profitable works for benefit of state exchequer, and keep the prisoners busy in useful tasks
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